Curriculum and Instructional Design (CID) must consider many aspects involved in education. Before deciding upon a plan for education, designers examine the influences on the learner at the point of contact. These include the teacher, the content, and the learner in the larger world context.
Teachers function as both the designer and implementer of education. A discussion on the importance of using critical reflection during the design process. The ADDIE model.
Educators use a process for planning what will occur in class. Then they evaluate the results when put into action by reflecting and collaborating, teachers ensure continual improvement. The PIERS perspective highlights this iterative and ongoing nature of the planning process: Plan, Implement, Evaluate, Reflect, and Share. PIERS will assist with this process.
A balance between curriculum and instructional design exists for each project. Curriculum and instructional design encompass overlapping areas of work. The scope of work depends upon the parameters in each situation. Typically the level of design and layers that exist dictate what individuals and groups complete which sections of the work.
In course design, instructors are charged with enacting the curriculum and its plans. Course design requires the instructor to develop materials to teach the given content. The interface between curriculum and instructional design provides a context to examine key factors to effective design. This is particularly true in a course designed with a learner-centered focus. Thus Curriculum and instructional design (CID) should be understood as a continuum of design. Finally, this leads to plans for a more effective and coherent course for students.
Many researchers have espoused different philosophies about how education should be implemented at the various levels of Curriculum and Instructional Design (CID). Debates about the right path range from the largest level of what is to be taught to the specific aspects of how instruction should be conducted. A key concept that connects to all levels of CID is Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK).
Research has examined the elements needed to be included in a curriculum as well as how they are interconnected. Several essential terms are defined below that help you understand these ideas. The terms that will be explained are; Scope and Sequence, Articulation, Coordination, Continuity, and Coherence.