I have spent many years investigating effective instruction around oral presentations supported by modern educational tools and have found a dearth of materials and studies. This article presents a key recurring observation about the way we teach oral presentations. Students must be our starting point, and be provided with very general reflective tools and structures applicable to a wide variety of situations in order to facilitate them attaining their own goals successfully.
Complex systems present difficult challenges when working to understand them. In this article we will discuss the visual and graphic organizers to understand the interactions and roles in those systems.